POLAR2018 Session: Historical Perspectives on Arctic and Antarctic Connections
I would like to bring to your attention session SH-3 at the POLAR2018 conference. We invite abstracts relating to the theme of "historical perspectives on Arctic and Antarctic connections." This is a prime opportunity to bring together researchers working
in both the north and south polar regions, in order to broaden the research horizons of both. While we do have a historical focus, all disciplines are welcome in this session. Abstracts are due by 1
SH-3: Historical perspectives on Arctic and Antarctic connections
The Arctic and Antarctica may be at opposite ends of the earth, but they share many historical connections, and knowledge gained in the North often influenced later exploits in the South. While 16th-century explorers and their backers searched for the North-West
or the North-East Passages, seeking a shortcut between Europe and Asia, the southern continent remained unknown, and was even imagined by some as a place promising wealth and glory. Commerce became an important driver in both regions; whaling and sealing flourished
in the Arctic before taking off in the Antarctic, and in some cases individuals and firms operated in both Polar Regions. Explorers turned from North to South, making use of their Arctic experiences in the Antarctic context, while Indigenous individuals from
the North also accompanied many expeditions in order to provide polar expertise. Organizations such as the Scott Polar Research Institute, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of the USSR, the Norwegian Polar Institute,
and the German Alfred Wegener Institute linked both Polar Regions within a common framework for both research and logistical planning, while government departments increasingly established desks with responsibilities in both Polar Regions. Research techniques
developed in Antarctica have also been put to use in northern areas, reversing the original direction of exchange. The session welcomes papers from all disciplines.
We look forward to seeing many of you in Davos in 2018, and to convening an exciting session that includes a wide range of historical perspectives.
University of Tasmania
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